Memory is essential to human identity. Not only do they provide a mental record of our past selves, but they help us learn and make decisions. Recent research shows that components of this human capability may have evolved from viruses.
Scattered across the genomes of just about all organisms are pieces of viral DNA. To replicate, viruses inject their genetic material into the cells of their host organisms. Through millions of years of infections and evolution, bits of viral genes have embedded in the DNA of bacteria, plants and animals.One such gene, called Arc, encodes a protein found in [...]
When we think of tech, we think of the more robotic, impersonal side. Autonomous software and steel gray machines fill our minds, but there is so much more to the picture. Technology is changing the way that we live our lives and complete our daily tasks, but it's also manifesting in the rise of new art forms and creativity. Art is no longer reduced to various mediums; it's now an expression of the dreams of the human mind paired with the potential of technological innovation.
Art is an ever-changing thing in itself, much like technology. Artists are constantly on the look out [...]
The United Nations estimates that more than two billion people live in water-stressed countries and about half the population experience severe water scarcity at least one month per year. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization, some of this water stress comes from agriculture, which uses 69 percent of the world's freshwater resources. Fertilizers and pesticides from agricultural operations also diminish freshwater resources, polluting rivers and lakes.
Climate change is also threatening freshwater resources. Dry regions are becoming dryer, experiencing more frequent [...]
Practically every news source, social media account, and email have been expressing the importance of hygiene during the COVID-19 pandemic. Washing our hands and practicing social distancing are recommended on replay, but there’s one major aspect that’s being overlooked: Mental health.
For some, social distancing is extremely difficult. On day 1 of the quarantine, many people made jokes and chuckled at coronavirus memes, but come day 2, the tone changed. The seriousness of the situation kicked in, and concerns began mounting. No matter your age, this virus affects us [...]
There's definitely not a shortage of opinions when it comes to genetically modified food. Scientists and climate experts say it's the way of the future, considering our warming planet and growing population. Those against it say messing with nature will ruin our health. Where do the facts lie? Who is right in this debate?
Climate change and an increase in population means a shortage of food. As our marketplaces go global, the demand for fresh fruits and vegetables from near and far increases. But with all of the changing environmental factors, sustaining the proper amount of food for the [...]
Coffee is a beloved beverage across the world. Over time, its reputation as a delicious and health-boosting drink has gained a worldwide following, with America alone sipping up 400 million cups per day. But, not everyone can handle the caffeine content in a single cup of coffee; which is where the runner-up option, decaf coffee, comes in.
Decaf coffee is a relatively new invention. In the early 1900s, a German merchant by the name of Ludwig Roselius discovered that when soaked in water for a prolonged period of time, coffee beans naturally lose a large amount of [...]
At this point in time, practically everyone is searching for the holy grail of clean energy. Solar, wind, biomass, geothermal... the list goes on. But one area is showing enormous potential, and has been arguably overlooked for decades now; water. Also known as hydropower, the clean energy that is generated from water sources has great promise going forward. In fact, scientists from Stanford University are building upon the solid renewable energy foundation of water, creating what's now known as "blue energy."
Luckily for all of us, this technology doesn't discriminate. It can work by using [...]
Originally branded as a way to merge humans and computers, the company Neuralink isn't there yet. But its recent accomplishments in developing a new brain-machine interface could have medical benefits. In July of 2019, Neuralink announced successful tests of its technology in rats.
Using its newly developed device, Neuralink researchers could record neural activity via thousands of electrodes implanted in the brain. They hope that this system could eventually restore movement and sensation to people living with paralysis. According to one study from the Reeve Foundation, in the U.S. [...]
Ever since the beginning of Trump's election into office, one concern has been at the forefront of his administration: Border control. His adamant opinion of our country's border safety has been the headline of news for months on end, with The Wall leading his ideas towards reality. But Trump's Wall is a divisive concept for the citizens of our country. Some people claim it to be inhumane and an irresponsible use of funds, while others praise it for its promised effectiveness at reducing illegal immigration into the US.
From what the media tells us, Trump's Border Wall is a self-explanatory [...]
The world as we know it is changing. Our daily commodities that we often take for granted are being altered right before our eyes: A constant reminder that the world truly can change overnight. And right now, amidst the chaos and confusion of the coronavirus pandemic, the medical professionals are really feeling the heat. However, not all change is unwelcome here. In fact, our current situation is actually paving the way for what could be a complete revamping of our healthcare system, thanks to telemedicine services.
A trip to the doctor’s office is a pretty routine thing. Whether [...]
In a time of hand sanitizer shortages and price gouging, local distilleries can step in to help their communities during the COVID-19 pandemic. With all the necessary equipment to make alcohol on site, distilleries are just a few steps removed from hand sanitizer production. While hand washing with soap is the best way to kill germs, alcohol-based hand sanitizers are a close second.
In Portland, Oregon, Shine Distillery & Grill has been giving away a homemade hand sanitizer to their customers. Across the country, other distilleries have been producing their own hand sanitizers, and plan to[...]
There's nothing better than curling up on the couch with a big bowl of pasta after a long day at work. Those starchy, delicious noodles make for the perfect comfort food, but according to nutritionists, it isn't exactly a healthy choice; Until now. Yep, you read that right; There really is such a thing as healthy pasta.
We are all taught that pasta (and carbs in general) don't do our waistlines any favors. Almost every diet on the market has consumers swearing off carbs in order to succeed. But, new research shows that pasta no longer needs to be the enemy. In fact, when [...]
Heart disease is responsible for a quarter of American deaths every year, killing about 647,000 people annually. Worldwide, it's the leading cause of death. That's why every year, billions of dollars fund cardiovascular research. The National Institutes of Health alone have put over $2 billion into cardiovascular research each year since 2016. So far, research has revealed ways to prevent cardiovascular disease through diet and exercise, but scientists are hunting for a pill to help keep blood vessels healthy. That pill might turn out to be a supplement called MitoQ that targets [...]
During this past year, the concept of lab-grown meats has created a tidal wave of commotion in the food industry. Consumer reactions range from utter disgust to sheer excitement as cruelty-free meat promises to hit the market. But alongside lab-grown meat comes the potential adoption of a food conception so bizarre and futuristic, it's hard to process: Cellular agriculture.
Some consumers wonder why the push for cruelty-free meats is so pressing all of a sudden. But the truth is, the global population is skyrocketing, with an estimated 1 billion additional people over the next 12 years. With [...]
HIV, or Human Immunodeficiency Virus, has been a serious worldwide epidemic for human health. After decades of research and medical trials, doctors have now discovered a successful method of treatment; One that may even be deemed as the HIV cure.
This discovery comes to us nearly 12 years after the first successful treatment of an HIV positive male. The patient, Timothy Ray Brown, was not only HIV positive, but was also diagnosed with acute myeloid leukemia. To begin tackling his treatment, Brown had to undergo numerous rounds of chemotherapy and radiation to wipe out his immune system. From [...]
Out of the myriad of environmental problems at hand, one of the biggest offenders is also one of the most common: Food waste. Each day, roughly 150,000 tons of food is thrown out in America alone. This number is equivalent to about a pound per person; An alarming amount when put into perspective. But what does food waste mean for us and for the planet? It turns out that the environmental repercussions are even worse than we originally thought, which is an issue that Meal Prep Mate is aiming to tackle.
Food waste isn't just throwing away that pork chop in the back of the fridge that you forgot [...]
Over the last decade, the amount of people who bike to work has increased by 60%. More and more people are taking advantage of the eco-friendly option of bike-sharing services across major cities. Lime, Jump, and Ofo are just a few of the many services offering bike rentals in the city, but one major concern is surfacing: Safety. Although riders are encouraged to practice safe habits, the truth is that many commuters are not wearing their bike helmet, and the risk of serious injury is high.
Carrying and storing helmets is proving to not be a popular choice among city riders, which is putting [...]
Typically, when we hear the words "genetically modified," our instinct is to run in the other direction. We're taught that everything labeled as non-GMO is the way to go, and anything genetically modified just can't be healthy. However, recent research is showing that not everything genetically modified is harmful; They may actually produce some health benefits. The perfect example? Genetically modified plants.
In order to genetically modify something, the item's DNA needs to be changed. Whether it's a fruit, vegetable, or grain, the DNA structure is genetically altered for [...]
Climate change is real, and our greenhouse gas pollution levels are to blame. While most people typically think of pollution stemming from machinery and cars, there are many other factors that add to the problem. Methane production is one of the most potent and harmful greenhouse gases that our planet is currently fighting. Surprisingly, almost everyone is guilty of buying into one of the worst sources of of this methane problem, and chances are, it might even be in your refrigerator right now; Beef.
Meat production is a huge contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. In fact, meat production [...]
Mosquitoes are some of the most abundant and dangerous sources of disease across the world. Each year, approximately 700 million people get a mosquito-borne illness, and over 100 million die from it. And while the mosquito population is rising, so is the risk of contracting an illness from them. In order to reduce the risk, insecticides are proven to be effective at reducing mosquito population, but at a high cost to the environment. Instead, scientists are now looking at using mosquito birth control to lessen the population and reduce mosquito-borne illnesses.
Mosquitoes are rapid at [...]